Trees that lose their leaves in autumn and recover them in late winter or early spring. Here is a list with some examples.
Who does not like to enjoy some almonds in the appetizer? This self-fertile, deciduous tree blooms at the end of winter, turning white or pink depending on the variety, thanks to its great flowering.
Harvesting takes place at the end of summer, beginning of autumn. Each almond is covered in a green layer that you must remove to find it inside.
Then it will lose the leaf in autumn, it will remain bare until the next spring when it will flower again and later put on new leaves.
It needs hot and dry summers and cold winters, being able to withstand up to -15ºC. To flower, it needs to accumulate 250 to 350 cold hours throughout the winter, depending on the variety.
- Cherry tree
Beautiful white or pink flowers between February and March with an aromatic perfume. Most varieties require a tree of another compatible cherry variety in their immediate vicinity, although there are some self-fertile ones.
Cherry picking takes place between April and May, and they are perfect for eating alone or enjoying incredible dishes and sweets.
It needs to accumulate, depending on the variety, between 400 and 1500 cold hours during the winter to flourish.
Do you love plum jam? You can make it yourself thanks to this deciduous tree or enjoy its fruit naturally.
The earliest varieties flower at the end of February and the latest ones until June. Depending on the variety you can collect it between July and September.
It needs to spend between 600 and 1500 hours below 7ºC during the winter to flower.
This tree is very resistant, capable of withstanding temperatures down to -15ºC during the winter. It has a large and rapid growth, and can be shaped as a tree or shrub. Generally between two or three years they are already producing fruit.
It blooms between May and June with beautiful, highly aromatic red flowers and the harvesting of its fruits takes place between the end of August and November.
Its fruits are hard-shelled, filled with small red grains with a tasty liquid and new seeds. It is ideal for making refreshing juices, using in salads and eating alone.
- Fig tree
Fig lovers can enjoy their own harvest in late summer. The harvest of the figs is carried out between August and September, while that of the figs, which are the figs from the previous year that did not ripen on time, is carried out between June and July.
It is very resistant and can withstand temperatures down to -7ºC, although its optimum temperature is 18ºC.
- Apple tree
There are varieties that require between 500 and 1500 cold hours during the winter to flower, being able to withstand temperatures below -10ºC, although flower buds may be lost from -15ºC.
Its collection, depending on the variety, is carried out between September and October. It is essential, except for some self-fertile varieties, to have a compatible tree of another variety in its environment for the fertilization of its flowers to take place.
- Peach tree
Deciduous tree that flowers with a sweet scent in late February just before beginning to recover that year's foliage. It needs between 100 and 1500 cold hours to flower, being able to withstand up to -20ºC during the winter, but if you do not want to have damage to its flowering, it is advisable to protect it from temperatures below -15ºC.
Its collection is carried out throughout the summer depending on the variety (between May and September).
- Nectarine Tree
Hybrid of peach and plum, with a unique flavor ideal for those looking for a different flavor. It needs to accumulate 400 cold hours during the winter, being able to withstand temperatures as low as -7ºC.
It has the same type of bloom as these two right at the end of winter. Its collection is carried out between May and June.
- Paraguayan tree
Tree of the peach family with the same characteristics and a slightly different flavor and shape. Like these, it needs to accumulate about 400 hours of cold during the winter and is capable of withstanding temperatures as low as -17ºC.
Its collection is carried out between May and September depending on the variety.
- Pear tree
Fresh, sweet and hydrating. Who has not enjoyed a pear during their life? Now you can enjoy your own harvest. It is a perfect tree to use with cordon pruning or as a standard tree.
It needs to accumulate between 800 and 1000 hours of cold during the winter to flower, being able to withstand temperatures of up to 0ºC. Its collection is carried out between August and September.
- Avocado tree
Its fruit is used mainly to eat alone, in salads and to make guacamole. It is a tree that needs to have a male and a female specimen if you want to obtain fruits.
Being a tropical tree, it needs a warm climate with minimum temperatures of 10ºC and maximum temperatures below 33ºC, its ideal range being between 17 and 24ºC.
- Kiwi tree
Tropical fruit that can be green or yellow. In both cases it is necessary to have a male tree nearby so that the flowers of the female are fertilized. Otherwise, it will not bear fruit.
Although it is considered a climbing shrub itself, it can serve as a tree thanks to its large size.
It needs to accumulate between 600 and 800 hours of cold during the winter to flower.
- Lemon tree
There are different varieties, which can flower and bear fruit once a year or keep flowering continuously throughout the year. The four seasons variety is an example of those that will allow you to smell its beautiful orange blossoms and pick lemons all year round.
It is a small tree with lemon flavored leaves that can withstand temperatures down to -5ºC and some varieties even down to -10ºC.
- Mango tree
Sweet tropical fruit with an incredible flavor. Its tree is fast growing and requires a temperate climate with warm winters, although it can withstand some light frosts for a short time when they are already formed and temperatures of up to 5ºC when they are young.
There are male, female and hermaphrodite varieties. In Spain, most of the trees used are hermaphrodites (they have male and female flowers on the same tree and do not need to have a second tree of the other sex).
- Orange tree
Looking for a freshly squeezed orange juice? This tree blooms in late spring or early summer with an incredible aroma of orange blossom filling its entire environment.
It is harvested during the winter, helping us to get through the colder months with sweet fruit that is perfect for eating alone or in all kinds of preparations for dishes, desserts, and juices.
It can withstand temperatures down to -5ºC.